Model Forest Policy Program has successfully worked with the following tribes on climate adaptation and implementation projects.
The Tulalip (pronounced Tuh’-lay-lup) Tribes are federally recognized successors in interest to the Snohomish, Snoqualmie, Skykomish, and other allied tribes and bands signatory to the Treaty of Point Elliott. The 22,000 acre Tulalip Indian Reservation is located north of Everett and the Snohomish River, and west of Marysville, Washington. The Tribes maintain an aggressive environmental preservation program, both on and off of the reservation to complement the Snohomish region’s natural resources.
The Tulalip Tribes occupy a reservation on Puget Sound north of Seattle. As a party to the 1855 Treaty of Point Elliott between the United States and a number of Coast Salish groups, the Tulalip people reserved hunting and fishing rights. They have a strong ongoing interest in natural resource harvest and habitat management on Puget Sound and tributaries, with a focus on the Snohomish River Watershed.
The Tribes are engaged with climate impact research and adaptation at both the local and regional levels, with a high priority on water quantity and quality. In addition, a priority for the Tulalip Reservation is how to respond to impacts from climate change driven sea level rise.
Nez Perce Tribe – Lapwai, ID
The Nez Perce Tribe is a federally recognized tribe located in north central Idaho. The Tribe’s government is composed of the Natural Resources and Fisheries Departments, each of which is made up of many Divisions. These Divisions focus on delivering resource management services and participating in the planning, implementation, and decision-making of land management activities affecting Treaty lands, as well as usual and accustomed territories. The Water Resources Division (WRD) is within the Department of Natural Resources.
The WRD was established in the 1990’s to monitor water quality throughout the Reservation and to protect water quantity through the Snake River Basin Adjudication efforts. The Division has since expanded to include stream and wetland restoration from non-point sources, wetland inventory and research, renewable energy research and implementation, solid waste cleanup, and other similar programs. The WRD works with local, state, and federal agencies to protect and improve water resources through policy and on-the-ground implementation and currently employs 15 professional staff members.
Norton Bay Intertribal Watershed Council – Norton Bay, AK
The Norton Bay Inter-Tribal Watershed Council (NBITWC) focuses on the Tribal vision for management and oversight of the Norton Bay Watershed in Alaska’s Seward Peninsula and protecting water resources of the Watershed for the benefit of the Watershed Council’s members and the public. The NBITWC conducts research, education and advocacy related to it’s efforts to protect and restore tribal interest in water quantity, water quality, subsistence uses and water rights for the health of the watershed ecosystem, preservation of cultural identity and the of benefit tribal members. Currently, the NBITWC represents the Elim, Koyuk, Unalakleet & Shaktoolik Native Village Communities.The Watershed Council is currently working with these and other Native Alaskan Tribal Governments drafting a Watershed Assessment of the Tubutulik River watershed and working to promote environmental justice policies and practices related to management of water and subsistence resources.
The Red Lake Band of Chippewa (Red Lake, MN)
The Red Lake Department of Natural Resources is committed to ensuring quality natural resources on the Red Lake Indian Reservation for the long term benefit of Band members primarily through assessment, research, and management of fisheries, wildlife, waters, wetlands, forests, and the environment. The Band owns in excess of 835,194 acres consisting of approximately 429,000 acres of forest, 240,000 acres of lakes, 466,000 acres of wetlands, and over 371 miles of rivers and streams.
Primary sources of livelihood include hunting, fishing, and subsistence natural resource harvesting. Historically, the two biggest industries have been commercial fishing and logging. Combined, they proved employment for more than 700 Band members and generated income and revenue in excess of $5,000,000 in 1993. These two industries affect every member on the Reservation. Preserving and restoring its rich aquatic ecosystem and abundance of other natural resources is critical to the Band member’s health, welfare, traditional ways of life, economic viability and is a high priority for the Band. The Tribe is wealthy in terms of resources and land, but poor in areas of employment and educational opportunities. The unemployment rate for the Reservation exceeds 60% and the poverty rate is greater than 50%.